What do Asthma Specialists Do?
Bronchial asthma is a rather severe disease, therefore several specialists are involved in its diagnosis and treatment. So in order to save time and effort, patients should make an appointment to doctors of different specializations. It is better not waste time getting to know which doctor treats bronchial asthma.
In this case, it is worth starting the treatment with a visit to a therapist. A general practitioner will give a list of necessary tests (phlebotomy, blood test, urinalysis). After the initial examination, he will prescribe drugs. In the case of a wrong diagnosis or in the very early stages of asthma, this may be enough to treat this disease. If a child is diagnosed with asthma, the pediatrician will also conduct an examination and prescribe tests.
It is also worth mentioning the symptoms of bronchial asthma. These include the following factors:
- frequent coughing during sleeping;
- shortness of breath, which is often accompanied by wheezing;
- chest pain;
- asthma attacks are characterized by blue skin, loss of consciousness;
- sputum discharge.
The above symptoms may well manifest themselves in other diseases, so an adult or child should contact a physician to confirm the diagnosis. Based on the results of the examination and the tests, the therapist can give a referral to a pulmonologist and an allergist. In general, which doctor treats asthma depends on the specific forms of the disease and its symptoms.
This specialist examines the condition of the bronchus, conducts an examination and studies the tests. Only he can prescribe the right course of pills and treat advanced bronchial asthma. The main tests that a pulmonologist appoints or conducts are spirometry and peak flow measurement.
Spirometry is a study during which the patient exhales into the tube after the deepest inhalation. The test shows lung capacity (VC) to fill with air. This procedure is prescribed only to an adult patient.
Peakfluometry measures the rate of circulation of the airflow during exhalation. A tomography and chest x-ray are also prescribed. The purpose of these tests is to identify foreign objects in the respiratory organs and to examine whether the volumes of blood entering the lungs are sufficient. Allergy tests are also prescribed.
Often asthma attacks are caused by different allergens. Therefore, in most cases, the therapist gives the patient a referral to an allergist. Using a blood test and special tests, an allergologist specifies a list of allergens that threaten a person, removes the reaction, or prescribes the necessary drugs to block it. One test involves applying the allergen to human skin and checking the reaction. If the skin turns red, then this product should be excluded from the diet. So quickly enough, the doctor can develop the right diet for the patient.
Bronchial asthma is an incurable disease. However, doctors can prevent its development to late stages and severe forms, as well as significantly reduce symptoms. Treatment for asthma involves general supportive care with medication and inhalation to reduce the frequency and intensity of attacks. At the same time, an asthmatic must have an inhaler within reach.
In a severe form of an attack, the resuscitator injects adrenaline or ephedrine. The basic treatment for asthma is necessarily prescribed by the doctor. He controls the patient’s condition, so all asthmatics must undergo a medical examination.
Bronchial asthma requires constant monitoring and periodic visits to medical institutions. The choice of the necessary doctor largely depends on the exact diagnosis, however, in any case, it is worth starting the treatment with a visit to the therapist. He will refer the patient to various specialists as necessary.